Leather is a lustrous cloth that
is made from the skin of an animal or tanning its hide or a similar
process and the hair is removed. The luxurious material is designed
in a way that that it can no longer decay or even dry up.
There are a various types of leather
which include full grain leather it is characterized by the immanent
toughness and its’ imperfection and it’s the most expensive, top
grain leather the hide blemished is split ,no visible imperfection
and has a tincture that makes it more lovely. We then have the
corrected grain leather it is made from layers of skin that are left
after the top part is split off an also from the corium predominantly
it is a bit tough and it is sanded to remove imperfection and is
commonly used to make jackets. Also there is bonded leather that’s
the cheapest, aniline leather, antique grain leather, chrome free
leather, pigmented leather, crust leather, embossed leather, good
hand leather that is suitable for winter hand gloves, kidskin
leather, nubuck leather, oil tanned leather and suede. It is used to
make cloth wears such as jackets,pants, dresses and
skirts. It is also used to make other accessories such as gloves.
-The good thing about leather cloths is
you able to get a variety of colors and style,
-it is good for cold places such as
Canada due to its thickness,
-It is resistant to some effect such
abrasions due to its strong nature and
- it is breathabilty. It is quite easy
to repair and it is soft and comfortable to the body, smells good too
and above all it is environmental friendly.
-It also comes with some cons such as
it is unless it is water proof water can highly cause damage to it.
-It is also gets too hot when you wear
it especially during summer which may be able irritating to the body.
We have faux leather that are
categorized into polyvinyl chloride and polyurethane. Faux is
much cheaper than real leather, versatile, it requires less
maintenance compared to real leather, It is not easy for it to crack
or fade. It is also resistant to stain. Although faux had many
good qualities it does hold on to luster and it’s not like real
leather which is hypo allergenic .
The gay community highly
embrace tight leather pants and leather fetish wear that is believed
to bring out some certain excitement and has be worn by the community
for decades and also motorcycle drivers find it more
convenient for them.
WHERE IS LEATHER MADE?
Leather is highly produced in China,
Italy, India, Brazil, Korea and Russia. Other countries have to ship
their leather from this countries .Countries that commonly ship from
this countries include the United Kingdom. Leather goes
through the turning process to be able to alter the protein structure
of the skin to be able to increase its durability and texture.
The process of leather cloth making
1.Preparatory stage, which is the first
stage, where there is
a. soaking stage where it is put in
water for some hours or even days which helps to remove the unwanted
animal fat, blood and dirt.
b. After soaking the next step is
fleshing to be able to get rid of subcutaneous material away from the
side flesh. It then goes through a machine that takes of muscle, the
flesh mechanically. Fat and the hide are then differentiated into
various layers. Rollers are some of the mechanical instruments that
are used to remove hair.
c. Pickling then takes place where raw
hide is cleaned and soaked salt or acid to be able to avoid
decomposition which allows chromium which is one of a tanning agent
that allows the penetration.
d. It then goes through depickling
where sulfuric acid is used to soak hide hence lowering the PH.
e. The next process is liming where
there is the use of sodium sulfide to treat it and remove hair,
loosen some fibers and any other materials, fats are then hydrolyzed
hence increasing the pH the absorbed water gives it a swollen look.
f. Deliming where the hide is washed
through water and ammonium chloride to reduce swelling and any
unwanted materials. It is then bated where the skin is treated with
proteolytic enzyme that gets rid on non-fibrous protein that leave
the hide clean and smooth.
g. De-greasing is done to remove
natural fatty acid. It is then bleached.
2. The second great stage is tanning
where hide is made into durable material by conversion of the protein
of the raw hide. In this stage we have vegetable tanning which uses
tannin from the bark, branches or leaves of trees such as oak. The
process is a bit slow and requires so many treatments. Then there is
mineral or chrome tanning where chrome ions diffuse into the collagen
and get rid of water. It is more popular since is it is fast and
affordable. Aldehyde tanning that mostly uses oxazolidine and
glutaraldehyde. Oil tanning where there is the use of a mixture of
emulsified oils and aldehyde chemicals.
3. The third stage is re-tanning which
involves dying it is then shaved to remove the flesh remnant.
Splitting is done according to the different layers. It is then dyed
which is done only on the top layer. Next is fat liquoring where
addition of oil wax or fats is done to avoid dryness. Then there is
the finishing stage where the top patterns, color and texture are
dealt with. Polishing is done to bring out a shiny appearance. Then a
dimensional print is used in the embossing process by the use of
heated hydraulic. Surface coating process is next where color is
added and the desired design is used. The product is then finally
graded according to the flexibility, texture and many other different
factors and then it is ready to be sold out.
HOW TO CLEAN LEATHER CLOTHING AT
Maintenance of leather at home might
look easy but it is also a bit complicated.
A. DIY of leather clothing
-It is more suitable to gently wash
with cold water to remove any stubborn stain.
-For patent leather should definitely
just wipe it and highly recommended to use a clean piece of cloth
that is lint free.
-You should always avoid your leather
clothes from getting into contact with perfume, cologne or even
hairspray this substances cause the alcohol in the cloth to dry out
and leading to stain to your cloth.
-In case of any breakage or holes it is
advisable to have the m get done by a professional.
- Ensure that you do not over fill your
leather cloths pocket it might cause damage to it.
-Do not attach pins or tapes on leather
it might greatly destroy your leather cloth.
-Removal of oil stains can be done by
soaking the cloth in starch.
B. Hand washing at home is only
advisable for the aniline leather only.
-While hand washing ensure that you
remove everything that is in the pockets.
- Fill your container with some look
warm water add detergents that are used for delicate cloths.
-Go ahead and gently squeeze the
mixture through the lining and incase of any stains you can use a
soft brush to scrub it out gently.
-Soak it for eight to ten minutes. Lift
the cloth from the container, ensure you don’t wring it, for
rinsing. --Rinse several times and ensure no soap is left out then
when done put the cloth inside out and hang it avoid lines that are
metal like to avoid stains instead go for a wooden or plastic cloth
-While hanging ensure that it is not
direct to the sun or heat it can cause damage to the garment.
- After it dries in some few days go
ahead and condition, with good quality leather conditioner, it until
it becomes willowy.
C. For proper storage of your
leather cloth you can hang it in a good stable hanger in a dry area
and where there is no direct sunlight. Don’t put in a plastic bag
or a dusty place.
-Always avoid ironing it as much as
possible if possible don’t. Then hand washing is not advisable
because the dye used on the leather cloth is not that stable.
For stains like soil dust you can easily wipe it with a wet piece of
cloth. If you use some pretty harsh soaps and detergents the leather
cloth will crack and become very stiff. As for leather clothes it is
advisable to not use the dryer while cleaning them. You always have
to check the instructions given by the manufacturer if for example it
is not washable you should then not dare wash it. Most leather
clothes always have some instructions given always ensure you check
for any and follow them.
WHEN WERE LEATHER JACKETS INVENTED?
Leather was invented back in the
pre-1300 BC where some leather artefacts we made by some primitive
communities. This was in Hoxne in England. The stone age man used
tools that were made of stone that they used to skin off skin
hides from animals which was an early step of skin tanning. Later in
the bronze age leather tanning was more common to make things such as
shields. A leather shoe was even discovered around 1300 BC it had
holes and laces. They removed hair making it have a smooth outcome
they also made bone combs that had to have a fine leather finish. In
the iron man stage he became more advanced and made items such
as capes, shoes and even belts. The first common leather item was a
sewing needle that was discovered in Siberia.
Other early discoveries include leather
tanning operations were discovered in Sumer which is now modern Iraq
in the 5,000 BC. Later in 3,100 ancient Egypt used leather to make
harnesses and couplings for their chariots. In Ancient Egypt leather
was viewed as a symbol of high status and wealth. Those with wealth
wore leather shoes and many others. The long scrolls were also found
to be made with the use of leather. In China they also used leather
to make clothes, shoes, boots and armors.
Later on their
warriors wore tunics that were made with leather. They went
ahead and made even helmets and armors that were crafted from horse
skin which was great new change. The Greeks also used leather to make
items such as shields, sandals, laces and even bags. In Rome
they used to buy their hides from butchers and used alum
tanning and made leather that was used to make straps and reins,
belts that were used by soldier boots protective equipment and items
needed for their chariots. In the middle age leather making craftsmen
tanned raw hide to try and form more advance trade material. In the
nineteenth century vegetable tanning was now invented. As man
continued to evolve the leather craft making industry kept evolving.
The rise for the demand kept on rising as the years went by and then
leather now started to make other accessories such as gloves. As the
demand went high it led to the creation of Faux leather that
was made from some plastics and various compounds.
WHY ARE LEATHER JACKETS SO EXPENSIVE?
Leather since early times it is
considered luxurious and it is expensive. Leather is expensive there
is only much you can get from a single animal and it requires too
many chemicals to be able to treat leather .Leather is heavy making
it a bit difficult to work with and requires too many processes.
Higher quality leather is made through vegetable tanning method which
is very expensive and time consuming.
6. DOES LEATHER STRETCH
Leather does stretch naturally.
Once you have acquired you clothing item you can stretch in different
ways. This include wearing that cloth item frequently even around the
house such as leather pants. Leather does stretch when
it is wet and also heat which loosens up fibres making it stretch out
a bit. It is believed that leather can be stretched by the use of
ice, alcohol, dryer use of leather stretch products and induction of
weight to the leather item such as belts. How can one prevent
the cloth item from stretching, ensure that you choose the fitting
and right size, do not wash it and dry ensure you condition them